Hysteroscopy is a procedure that allows to see inside the uterus (the cervical canal and the uterine cavity), in order to diagnose and treat any uterine disorder detected.
A hysteroscope: this is an tool like a narrow telescope that can be introduced into the uterus via the vagina, with minimal tissue damaging.
Diagnostic hysteroscopy is a safe, simple procedure that is performed in our centre, and it is generally well-tolerated, involving very few risks or complications.
Its main function is to determine the cause of uterine bleeding through direct examination, and also allows to take tissue samples (biopsies).
For this reason it is often advised in the case of reproductive problems, for example:
- When uterine disorders are suspected after an ultrasound test, or after another imaging technique: it confirms any uterine malformation, the presence and type of myomas, polyps or adherences.
- It can be useful in terms of detecting subtle changes not previously observed (for example chronic endometriosis) even where imaging techniques have shown no abnormalities, where the cause of sterility is unknown, or in the case of implantation failure.
- Recommended for assessing the cavity after uterine surgery for myomas, adenomyosis… or after puerperal curettage.
- It makes cervical canalisation possible in cases where there is a difficulty in accessing the cavity prior to embryo transfer or intrauterine insemination.
Surgical hysteroscopyis a minimally invasive procedure performed in the outpatient department. In most cases some type of anesthesia is required is a minimally invasive procedure performed in the outpatient departmentIn most cases some type of anaesthetic is required.
It allows to deal with abnormalities in the uterine cavity. Such as: the correction of uterine malformations (septate and subseptate uterus), the removal of adherences, the extraction of a retained IUD, the removal of polyps, myomas…